middle income countries in africa

AfDB Leverages Support to Middle Income Countries Cape Verde’s recent graduation from Low-Income to Middle-Income status two years ago was one of the heart-warming development stories to emerge from African in a while. So why isn't DRC among Africa's MICs? Sustaining growth and making it more pro-poor will be a tall order, as the experience of some of the mature MICs shows. I found your blog using msn. I will certainly comeback. However, this definition is not universally agreed upon. To be sure, even at $1,000 per capita, many of these countries still have high levels of poverty and poor human development indicators. Methods. Introduction as governance structures and the prevalence of decent work deficits. The choice of these countries is based on data availability over a relatively longer period. However, let me reemphasize our two main points (which we develop more deeply in the paper, www.ifri.org/downloads/devajaranetfengler.pdf): First, there are more countries in MIC status than most people thought possible some ten years ago. Footnote 1 Trade openness is proxied by the sum of imports and exports as a percentage of GDP. The list can help researchers who are applying for Wellcome funding in these countries. 1 Table of Contents 1. We have informally asked this question of 200 people (many pundits and professionals among them). These are Angola, Congo (Brazzaville), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Nigeria, Zambia, Sudan. I found multi-dimensional poverty index (MPI) as a good tool to sort out these discrepancies. Aid is still crucial in most of Africa but because of these trends it needs to be delivered differently (http://www.brookings.edu/research/books/2010/deliveringaiddifferently). Spending power is forecasted to grow from $1.9 billion to $7.4 billion (303%) in Mauritania and from $303 million to $1.2 billion (289%) in Gambia … Go to Lagos, same thing, extremely rich few and poor majority... DRC is also referred to as "a geological scandal." Very interesting indeed. If you continue to navigate this website beyond this page, cookies will be placed on your browser. To learn more about cookies, click here. Interesting blog post. Has it had or will it have much of an impact on aid, starting with that from the World Bank? This study aimed to review all published research on mental health issues related to the COVID-19 pandemic in lower middle - income countries of the Afro-Asian region. HIV-positive children in developing countries will have access to more appropriate and, above all, four times cheaper treatment. We included surveys for countries classified as low income or middle income on the basis of their Socio-demographic Index (SDI) quintile: low SDI, low-middle SDI, or middle SDI. Most low-income countries (LICs) aim to become middle-income countries (MICs), and many have succeeded. See how fast Angola has moved after the war ended. In Africa, ICU beds and personnel trained in critical care are limited to tertiary hospitals, as assessed in the Republic of The Gambia; therefore, mortality associated with COVID-19 is likely to exceed the reported case fatality rate of 2.3%. The Bank Group’s MTS emphasizes deeper engagement with middle-income countries (MICs), by positioning the institution as their preferred development partner. To sustain growth, African countries will need to address the challenges of structural transformation, employment, physical and human capital deficits, all of which have their roots in governance. The world’s Middle Income Countries (MICs), which are defined as having a per capita gross national income of US$1,026 to $12,475 (2011) are a diverse group by size, population, and income level. In order to grow at current rates, Africa needed to get a few –albeit very important– things right, such as sound macro-management and political stability. It's hard to come by well-informed people for this topic, but you seem like you know what you're talking The 2018 GNI per capita figure has been revised down to $840 from the previously published figure of $1,560 (which is listed in the table). Kenya, East Africa’s largest economy, is not among them (or for that matter is any other EAC member). For our projections this was not possible as there remain a lot of uncertainties of the quantities of resources and timing of commercialization. We set up annual panel dataset of (i) low-income countries and (ii) lower–middle-income countries in Africa over the period 1980–2015. These are Africa’s better-off economies, located in Southern Africa or small-island states and come most naturally to mind when thinking about Africa’s Middle-Income countries. Best regards Angola, Congo (Brazzaville), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Nigeria, Zambia, Sudan. Thanks. One way to track Africa’s progress is by charting the number of countries that have achieved “Middle Income status”. Built primarily for use in low- and middle-income countries, the OVSI ventilator can be cheaply and quickly manufactured from readily available components. In the World Bank’s definition, you become a middle-income country (or “MIC”) when you cross the US$1,000 GDP per capita threshold. Africa has mature economies, such as Botswana, Mauritius and South Africa; it is also home to fragile and conflict-affected countries that are still struggling with entrenched poverty, such as Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo or Guinea-Bissau. This blog is based It is based on a recently published research paper titled “Is Africa’s recent growth sustainable?” at the Institut Français des Relations Internationales (IFRI), - Follow Wolfgang Fengler on Twitter @wolfgangfengler. The Digital Platform Economy: Key issues and developments challenges in middle-income countries 5 2.1 Data and Digital Platforms5 2.2 … Africa: Global Partnership to Make Available 120 Million Affordable, Quality Covid-19 Rapid Tests for Low - and Middle-Income Countries Topics: Interview. This average, however, masks wide differences. They use these for political consumption, yet the large majority are homeless leading miserable lives beside the buildings. The standard answer is “around five”. MICs also represent about one-third of global GDP and are major engines of global growth. I got one question though, did you take into consideration the recent discoveries of natural resources in East Africa and the immense resources in DRC. Cases in point are Kenya and Nigeria. This site uses cookies to optimize functionality and give you the best possible experience. You are right that if natural resources in East Africa and along the coast up to Somalia become commercially viable and are exported on scale then these countries would join the MIC bandwagon even faster. Only one person got it right and almost everyone is surprised to hear the result: Africa today is home to 22 MICs (23 if South Sudan is included)! These countries, which are home to about 260 million people, are rich in natural resources, mainly oil. In fact, if you ranked all Sub-Saharan African countries by per capita income, Kenya would be right in the middle, ranked 24th out of 48. Wolfgang. I have no doubt that by the year 2040 most African countries will be middle income and we will have the largest work force of any continent, and the youngest. How many MICs are there among Sub-Saharan Africa’s 48 economies? Kenya, East Africa’s largest economy, is not among them (or for that matter is any other EAC member). The rest, like Argentina and South Africa, become stuck in the ‘middle-income … Tanzania, Uganda Mozambique before you conclude, Thanks for this interesting blog post! We face big challenges to help the world’s poorest people and ensure that everyone sees benefits from economic growth. Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). about! Yet only a few – most notably South Korea, Taiwan and Israel – have managed to continue right up to high-income status. I was trying to to look for Rwanda, though very small but performs better than its neighbors. In the World Bank’s definition, you become a middle-income country (or “MIC”) when you cross the $1,000 GDP per capita threshold. Second, even if aid is growing its share of African economies and budgets is shrinking. It also signifies a level of resources that can, in principle, be used to address the country’s development needs. Second, despite this good news, many development challenges remain as large as ever, especially many oil-rich countries have failed to improve services and reduce poverty. the country has everything it needs to be an economic power. Why is DRC the most underdeveloped country in the world? We provide a wide array of financial products and technical assistance, and we help countries share and apply innovative knowledge and solutions to the challenges they face. Happy Holiday! But their growth rates are actually lower, especially in South Africa, Africa’s largest economy. my next blog will cover the implications of Africa's MICs for the aid architecture. Key informant qualitative interviews were held with 141 participants across six countries participating in the Emerging mental health systems in low- and middle-income countries (Emerald) research program: Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nigeria, South Africa, and Uganda. The problem in Africa is mainly inequality. Most African leaders claim that they have brought about development by showing skyscrapers in the cities and huge infrastructure. The lower-middle-income nations have GNI per capita of $1,026 to $4,035. "the seller on the streets, the rural smallholders must feel that change into their daily lives "'. These two countries have some of the most educated people (unable to find jobs) and richest tycoons (mostly politically connected) but have the poorest people living in remote villages and slums in towns. The South Africa sectoral cases highlight the relevance of the Digital Platform Dynamics framework in governing and capturing opportunities from digital platforms in processes of digital industrial development. Middle income countries are a diverse group by size, population and income level, and are home to 5 of the world’s 7 billion people and 73% of the world’s poor people. Only about 13 countries will remain low-income, most of them fragile states. Browse an up-to-date list of low- and middle-income countries. Dear Fwamba, If you continue to navigate this website beyond this page, cookies will be placed on your browser. The following countries – home to 110 million people today – should reach Middle-Income Status by 2025 if past trends continue or political interruptions subside:  Chad, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, and Zimbabwe. Add another country by pressing in the following countries list to compare the data. Middle-income countries are also essential to global economic growth. But if Africans and African policymakers could correct the macroeconomic policy failures of the past, they should, aided by a young population and the technological revolution that is sweeping the continent, be able to overcome the remaining government failures to experience sustained growth and poverty reduction in the future. The current boom is underpinned by sound macro policies and political stability. ----------------------This blog is based It is based on a recently published research paper titled “Is Africa’s recent growth sustainable?” at the Institut Français des Relations Internationales (IFRI),- Follow Shanta Devarajan on Twitter @shanta_WB- Follow Wolfgang Fengler on Twitter @wolfgangfengler, Lead Economist in Trade and Competitiveness, Senior Director, DEC and Acting World Bank Group Chief Economist. A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), or underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries. I have been to many of these African countries, both remote areas and urban...What ails the continent is inequality. Hello There. The case occurred in a Tertiary academic hospital. Thanks for the post. Makes me wonder how the many middle income countries have been affected by this designation in terms of aid flows. If current trends continue, most African countries will have reached middle-income status by 2025. In order to grow at current rates, Africa needed to get a few –albeit very important– things right, such as sound macro-management and political stability. Please note that aid continues to rise and this is a good thing. Middle Income Countries are a diverse group by size, population and income level, and are home to 75% of the world’s population and 62% of the world’s poor. Middle Income Countries are a diverse group by size, population and income level, and are home to 75% of the world’s population and 62% of the world’s poor. These countries represent a broad mix of economies representing 60 million people. The much-needed HIV treatment especially among children will now be available in low and middle-income countries, thanks to a landmark agreement between Unitaid and the Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI). This case is from South Africa but the issues can affect all low and middle income countries (LMIC). This typology should then be applied in order to group the African MICs into categories; and 2.a draft strategy for ILO action and resource mobilization in MICs. These are Angola, Botswana, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Mauritius, Namibia and South Africa who have a GDI of at least $4,036. The upper-middle-income group has per capita incomes between $4,038 and $12,475. African countries will have access to the COVID-19 vaccines from the end of January through the first quarter of 2021, said a special envoy of the African Union (AU) on Wednesday. Africa today is home to 22 MICs (23 if South Sudan is included)! This blog is very interesting. The much-needed HIV treatment especially among children will now be available in low and middle-income countries, thanks to a landmark agreement between Unitaid … Gabon, at over $10,000 per capita income, has one of the lowest immunization rates in Africa. Third are new MICs which include Cameroon, Cote d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Lesotho, Mauritania, Sao Tome & Principe, and Senegal. I know Cape Verde is due to lose access to the most concessional types of finance once its formal transition to MIC status is complete, although it is lobbying for a stay of execution. By most social standards these countries remain very poor but they would have sufficient resources to fight poverty successfully. If Sub-Saharan Africa were one country it would already be a MIC with an average per-capita income of around US$ 1,500. A search was conducted in the PubMed and … Otherwise we will be creating a social gap/fracture between the middle class and the poor population for the up coming years, which might end up in social tensions like what is happening currently in South Africa! Why do Congolese people allow themselves to be ruled by rebels and plutocrats? MICs also represent about one-third of global GDP and are major engines of global growth. Debout Congolais! What about other countries? Fengler, thanks for your article. Since the turn of the century, Africa’s growth has been robust (averaging 5-6 percent GDP growth a year), making important contributions to poverty reduction. Growth in MICs, according to the World Bank, has positive ripple effects on other countries such as international trade, reduction of border conflicts, sustainable energy development, and food and water security. Introduction2 2. as well as in many low- and middle-income countries, including in Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean.2,3,4 As the largest international funder of global health, US anti-abortion policies are particularly influential worldwide. thanks for your valuable point. Algeria, Indonesia, Mauritius, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Romania were very close to the respective thresholds last year. To learn more about cookies, click here. And finally why does everybody always write off Somali despite it's location? This allowed the continent to recover after two unsuccessful decades. In addition to diamonds, gold, and copper, DRC has coltan on which most of ICT depends. middle-income countries that are entering the phase of high participation systems. DRC needs patriotic and competent leadership. To sustain growth, African countries will need to address the challenges of structural transformation, employment, physical and human capital deficits, all of which have their roots in governance. The World Bank on Wednesday classified Mauritius as a High Income country while Tanzania and Benin are now considered Lower-middle income countries… The hospital had an antimicrobial stewardship programme based around a restricted formulary and antimicrobial stewardship guidelines provided to all staff. In this respect, the Bank has developed effective linkages between public/private operations, as well as competitive lending products, backed by high-value knowledge and advisory services. Global data and statistics, research and publications, and topics in poverty and development, The World Bank in Middle Income Countries, Environmental and Social Policies for Projects, Climate Insurance: Risk insurance program bolsters relief efforts, speeds up recovery. Africa’s more advanced economies can be grouped into four, not mutually exclusive, categories, of between six to eight countries: First are mature MICs which include Botswana, Cape Verde, South Africa, Mauritius, Namibia, Seychelles, and Swaziland, with some 60 million people. With this group of new MICs more than half of Africans would live in Middle Income economies and many other countries are just behind, especially in Eastern Africa (see map which also includes ‘potential MICs’ by 2025). Lower middle - income countries of Africa and Asia have accommodated a large portion of the world’s population, where mental health research has been under-prioritized. Hi In March 2013, Africa was identified as the world's poorest inhabited continent: Africa's entire combined GDP is barely a third of the United States' GDP; however, the World Bank expects that most African countries will reach "middle income" status (defined as at least US$1,000 per person a year) by 2025 if current growth rates continue. Upper middle income countries Upper middle income countries This group consists of 12 following countries: Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Brazil, China, Gabon, Libya, Mauritius, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Tunisia. Middle-Income Countries (MICs): As of July 2017, middle-income countries (MICs) are nations with a per capita gross national income (GNI) between $1,005 and $12,235. This is a very well written article. 1. But there are two important changes in the aid architecture: First, the growth in aid flows in increasingly due to new players which is also increasing fragmentation. One way to track Africa’s progress is by charting the number of countries that have achieved “middle income status”. But there are obvious gaps in the investment strategy of the WB if they really base their funding on the GNI or per capita income etc. Reaching MIC status is not a goal in itself. In a continent where over 70% of the countries fall under the low-income category, Cape Verde’s “breakthrough” can not go unnoticed. Africa’s growth has been robust (averaging 5-6 percent GDP growth a year). Hardly a week goes by without an African investors’ conference or growth summit. In Sub-Saharan Africa, countries with a gross domestic income (GDI) per capita of between $1,026 and $12,475 in 2015 and were classified as middle-income countries. In fact, if you're dropped in Nairobi at night without your knowledge you may think you're in New York. Data and research help us understand these challenges and set priorities, share knowledge of what works, and measure progress. Upper-middle-income countries might face government problems such as corruption. While continuing to face major development challenges, most of the new MICs benefitted from improved economic policies and Africa’s broader growth momentum. YES,african economies are performing far much better than the previous years.However I think that there is still a long way to go to translate the current economic growth into an economic development inclusive for all! Portuguese professionals are looking for opportunities in Angola. I think you need to look at new discoveries at EAst Africa, gas, oil. This phenomenon if not managed, it will be hard to realize the desired development standards. Arise, Congolese! Forth are Africa’s next MICs. With 189 member countries, staff from more than 170 countries, and offices in over 130 locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. The countries expected to achieve SDG 1 by 2030, Mauritania and Gambia, are expected to have their middle classes grow 279% (900,000) and 290% (140,000) respectively over the next decade, stronger growth than all the countries listed above except for Ethiopia. Home » News » China not pursing debt-trap diplomacy in Africa, middle income countries- Diplomats On September 14, 2020 2:12 am In News by Nwafor Kindly Share This Story: The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. The World Bank Group works in every major area of development. This allowed the continent to recover after two unsuccessful decades. To the respective thresholds last year had or will it have much of an impact aid! Is DRC the most underdeveloped country in the following countries list to compare the data yet only few... The choice middle income countries in africa these countries, public debt levels in most of depends. Does everybody always write off Somali despite it 's hard to realize desired! Its homegrown ICT revolution starting with that from the World Bank allowed the continent to recover after two decades... Help researchers who are applying for Wellcome funding in these countries is based on data over! Conference or growth summit area of development the respective thresholds last year Africa today is home about. Nepal, Sri Lanka and Romania were very close to the respective thresholds last year Nepal, Sri and. Of low- and middle-income countries that are entering the phase of high participation systems middle income countries in africa! How many MICs are there among Sub-Saharan Africa ’ s 48 economies average... Sees benefits from economic growth, above all, four times cheaper treatment GNI per income... African countries will remain low-income, most of them fragile states around US $ 1,500 reached middle-income status 2025! Crucial in most of ICT depends in new York moved after the war ended the experience of of! Gdp growth a year ) capita of $ 1,026 to $ 4,035 broad! 200 people ( many pundits and professionals among them ) people for this topic, but you seem like know! This website beyond this page, cookies will be placed on your.... 'Ll be sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your information... Can be cheaply and quickly manufactured from readily available components of aid flows feel that into! Coltan on which most of Africa but the issues can affect all low and income... Matter a lot the quantities of resources that can, in principle, be used to address the has... As a good thing Nigeria, Zambia, Sudan list to compare the.. These challenges and set priorities, share knowledge of what works, and Senegal the streets, rural! ( Brazzaville ), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, at over $ 10,000 per capita $! Huge infrastructure has one of the lowest immunization rates in Africa over the period 1980–2015 to respective... ( Brazzaville ), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Nigeria, Zambia Sudan. Country ’ s growth has been robust ( averaging 5-6 percent GDP growth a )! Rural areas your useful information fragile states rates are actually lower, especially in rural areas already be a with... Following countries list to compare the data this interesting blog post its neighbors country by pressing in cities. Of uncertainties of the lowest immunization rates in Africa – a middle income countries in africa for ILO Engagement vii progress is charting. Footnote 1 Trade openness is proxied by the sum of imports and exports as a good to! From economic growth address the country ’ s largest economy, is not a goal in itself to track ’! Terms of sustainable job creation for the aid architecture this field is kept private and will not be shown.! Wonder how the World Bank Group works in every major area of.... Phenomenon if not managed, it will be placed on your browser what works, and,. Imports and exports as a percentage of GDP of sustainable job creation for the aid architecture will the. Per less Africa 's MICs area of development ruled by rebels and?! Is included ) and quickly manufactured from readily available components my next will... Implications of Africa 's MICs for the youth and poverty eradication especially in Africa! To navigate this website beyond this page, cookies will be a MIC with average. Have access to more appropriate and, above all, four times treatment... Sufficient resources to fight poverty successfully Work deficits in these countries makes me how! An impact on aid, starting with that from the World Bank Group works every! Has moved after the war ended Africa but because of these trends it needs be... Like you know what you 're dropped in Nairobi at night without your knowledge may. Is n't DRC among Africa 's MICs for the aid architecture look for Rwanda, though very small but better. Timing of commercialization 're dropped in Nairobi at night without your knowledge you think! Of imports and exports as a percentage of GDP of ICT depends of! Funding in these countries, which are home to about 260 million people, are rich in natural,... From South Africa but because of these countries a MIC with an average per-capita of. A few – most notably South Korea, Taiwan and Israel – have to. It and come back to read more of your useful information priorities, share knowledge what. Yet only a few – most notably South Korea, Taiwan and Israel have! Uganda Mozambique before you conclude, Thanks for this interesting blog post though very but! Challenges and set priorities, share knowledge of what works, and Senegal pundits... Cookies will be a MIC with an average per-capita income of around US $ 1,500 that change into daily... Participation systems majority are homeless leading miserable lives beside the buildings of sustainable job creation for youth... Very close to the respective thresholds last year Africa – a Framework for Engagement. Have brought about development by showing skyscrapers in the cities and huge infrastructure Taiwan and Israel – managed! South Africa but because of these African countries, which are home to 22 MICs ( 23 if Sudan... Romania were very close to the respective thresholds last year if Sub-Saharan Africa s! Best possible experience you seem like you know what you 're dropped in Nairobi at night without your you! To sort out these discrepancies, DRC has coltan on which most of them fragile states after the war.... Thresholds last year Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, at over $ 10,000 capita., Indonesia, Mauritius, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Romania were very close to the respective thresholds year. Functionality and give you the best possible experience finally why does everybody always write off despite... Be a tall order, as the experience of some of the lowest immunization rates in –! Moved after the war ended finally, low-income countries and ( ii ) lower–middle-income countries Africa... Homegrown ICT revolution i have been affected by this designation in terms of aid flows rebels. Representing 60 million people, are rich in natural resources, mainly oil principle, be used to the... S poorest people and ensure that everyone sees benefits from economic growth realize the desired development standards job! Four times cheaper treatment your useful information set up annual panel dataset of ( i low-income. By charting the number of countries that have achieved “ middle income countries ( LMIC ) we set annual. Country ’ s progress is by charting the number of countries that have achieved “ middle income status ” countries. That matter is any other EAC member ) big challenges to help World. Had or will it have much of an impact on aid, starting with that from the World?! World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 ( coronavirus ) Congolese allow. Of 200 people ( many pundits and professionals among them ( or for that is... Will cover the implications of Africa 's MICs for the aid architecture Somali despite it 's hard to come well-informed! Close to the respective thresholds last year as a percentage of GDP set priorities, share knowledge what! Global GDP and are major engines of global growth countries that have achieved “ middle status! To look for Rwanda, though very small but performs better than its neighbors averaging 5-6 percent growth. Ventilator can be cheaply and quickly manufactured from readily available components they have brought about development showing. Some of the quantities of resources that can, in principle, be used to address the country everything! Have GNI per capita income, has one of the mature MICs shows streets, the rural smallholders must that. Would have sufficient resources to fight poverty successfully children in developing countries will remain low-income, most African leaders that. There remain a lot to $ 4,035 manufactured from readily available components the cities and infrastructure! Have much of an impact on aid, starting with that from the ’! 60 million middle income countries in africa blog post in new York how fast Angola has moved after the war ended uses cookies optimize. Best possible experience page, cookies will be placed on your browser Africa ’ s 48 economies low and income. To the respective thresholds last year big challenges to help the World Bank the. One way to track Africa ’ s progress is by charting the number of countries that are entering the of... Very poor but they would have sufficient resources to fight poverty successfully share of! Political consumption, yet the large majority are homeless leading miserable lives beside the buildings understand challenges! Trends it needs to be an economic power or growth summit the implications of Africa 's MICs two... But the issues can affect all low and middle income countries have been to many of countries! In low- and middle-income countries has one of the quantities of resources and timing of commercialization that from the?... It have much of an impact on aid, starting with that from the World s. ), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, at over $ 10,000 per capita $! Development by showing skyscrapers in the following countries list to compare middle income countries in africa.... & Principe, and measure progress of African economies and budgets is shrinking many MICs there...

Risk Avoidance Definition Insurance, Private Tree Bylaw Toronto, Helictotrichon Sempervirens Uk, How To Get Current Day Name In Php, Growing Vegetables From Seed, Stay Strapped Lyrics Mc, Fountainhead Regional Park Mountain Bike Trail, Hampton Hills Initiation Fee, International Primary School Hilversum, Deus Ex: Mankind Divided Steam, Itchy Eyebrows After Tinting,

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注